What is a service animal?
A service animal is not a pet under federal law. According to the Department of Justice updates to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA),that took effect March 15, 2011, a “service animal” is limited to a dog that has been individually trained to do work or perform tasks for an individual with a disability. Some states have legislation that further defines a service animal.
Frequently Asked Questions about Services Animals and the ADA from the U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division Disability Rights Section https://www.ada.gov/regs2010/service_animal_qa.pdf
Types of Service Dogs
This is only a partial list of Service Dogs:
Guide Dog or Dog Guide – Assist people with vision loss.
Mobility Dog – Retrieve items, open doors, push buttons, also assisting people with disabilities with walking, balance and transferring from place to place.
Hearing Alert – Assist people with a hearing loss to sounds.
Seizure Alert/Seizure Response – Also known as Medical Alert-alerts to oncoming seizures and is trained to respond to seizures such as “Get Help” or stay with the person.
Medical Alert/Medical Response – Alerts to oncoming medical conditions, such as heart attack, stroke, diabetes, epilepsy, panic attack, anxiety attack, post traumatic stress disorder.
Human Etiquette Around Assistance Dogs
- Do not touch the Service Dog, or the person it assists, without permission.
- Do not make noises at the Service Dog; it may distract the animal from doing its job.
- Do not feed the Service Dog; it may disrupt his/her schedule.
- Do not be offended if the person does not feel like discussing his/her disability or the assistance the Service Animal provides. Not everyone wants to be a walking-talking “show and tell” exhibit.
We Welcome Service Animals is produced by the California Hotel & Lodging Association Education Foundation. Although it has not been updated to reflect the March 2011 changes in the access laws, it still provides a good overview about assistance dogs for business owners and others.